One premise that I had while designing the GlowSaber was that I should be able to build all of it with tools that I already have. That limited the materials I could choose to those that I could cut, drill and glue with just the basic tools:
- Miter Saw
- Drill press
- Dremel hand held tool
- Hand drill
- 4-40 Drill and Tap kit
The choice of materials included several plastic materials, PVC piping, copper piping and aluminum piping. The last two were immediately discarded as they are very expensive and not easy to find in the dimensions the GlowSaber required.
A quick visit to the Tap Plastics web site showed me that the only adecuate material would be Poly-carbonate. It has excellent strength characteristics and is very easy to cut using a miter saw. However, there are only transparent pipes and that did not see appealing for the GlowSaber handle, although it makes a perfect material for the blade. Is light and impact resistant.
That left PVC as the material of choice. It is available in any hardware store and if you go to Home Depot you can buy two foot segments at a reasonable price. More than that, it has a great variety of connectors that can be used to transition from the diameter of the handle to the diameter of the blade.
When I put the circuit board and the battery pack together I found that the smallest internal diameter pipe that I could use was 1.25 inches. PVC pipes are sold in 1/2″, 3/4″, 1″ 1-1/4″, 2″ and so on. The 1 1-4″ nominal internal diameter is actually 1.4″ inches and that gave some extra room to put everything together.
It took several iterations to design the handle, and eventually I arrived to this simple design:
It has three slots. The one in the front will allow the installation of the switch assembly and the two slots in the back allow to secure the speaker with a plastic tie. More on this in the assembly guide.
Bill of Materials
I bought all the PVC at Home Depot:
- A 2 ft. length of 1-1/4″ pipe. This is enough to make two handles
- A 2 ft. length of 1″ pipe. If you can get a smaller size go for it. You really only need about 4 inches total.
- One 1-1/4″ coupling.
- One 1-1/4″ to 1″ reduction
- One 1-1/4″ end cap.
- A small amount of PVC cement.
- Two 3/4″ 4-40 bolts
- Four 5/8″ 4-40 bolts
The firs few handles that I build were made with plumbing grade PVC. Then I found Formufit, a furniture grade PVC provider. They sell very attractive PVC pipes in various colors. As I was going to make many GlowSabers I did not mind buying 8 foot long pipes, and at that time they did not sell shorter segments. Anyhow, check their site: Formufit
Cutting the pieces
I start cutting the 1-1/4″ pipe. The design calls for a 9-3/4″ long:
Next cut the 1″ pipe. You need two lengths on of 2″ and another of 1″:
All the pieces together:
From the back, left to right: 9 3/4″ long by 1 3/4″ diameter pipe, the 1 1/4 coupling, the 1 1/4″ to 1″ reduction and the end cap. In the front a 2″ long by 1″ diameter pipe and a 1″ long by 1″ diameter pipe.
You may want to sand some of the markings in the couple, reduction and cap. I use a grit #80 sandpaper to remove the markings. Then I use 200 and 400 grit sand paper to make the PVC smooth. Anyhow it will be painted and the paint will cover the small scratches from the sand paper:
Machining the handle.
Next step is to drill guide hole for the slots. This PDF file has a template to cut and put on the pipe and the couple: Handle and Light emitter templates
The top design is for the pipe, and the bottom one for the couple. Let’s start with the pipe template. Once it is cut you can tape it to the pipe as follows:
Drill the three holes with a 1/8″ bit. Then use a Dremel rotary tool to machine the slots from the holes to the top of the pipe. Last drill a 3/8″ hole in the front slot:
A Dremel rotary tool can be hard to control by hand for this job. I have a small router table for it. Still is a hard job to do. However the slots are not going to be visible and if they are not perfect it really does not matter.
Assembling the light emitter
The 1-1/4″ couple, the 1-1/4″ to 1″ reduction and the two segments of 1″ pipe will make the container for the RGB LED and the base for the blade.
First we insert the 2″ x 1″ piece into the 1-1/4″ to 1″ reduction.
Use the screw vise to press the pipe into the reduction. The reduction has a small ridge half way. Make sure the you don’t press beyond that or you will add too much stress to the pipe and the reduction and they can break.
Let the PVC cement cure for at least 10 minutes before proceeding. Once the pipe is firmly attached we will complete the light emitter by inserting the reduction into the couple:
Be gentle when you are pressing the reduction. Slow is better.
Once the reduction is in place you can cut and put the screw pattern on the light emitter. Then mount the emitter on top of the handle, making sure to align one set of screws with the front slot:
The next picture shows the couple on top of the handle. After I took the picture I realized that the pattern was upside down. I corrected it and drill the holes. I used a 1/16 drill bit to be able to tap a 4-40 thread on the holes.
The finished handle with the light emitter bolted in place. The two screws on the front will secure the switch assembly. The top screws secure the blade, and the bottom ones secure the LED assembly.
The 3/4″ 4-40 bolts go in the front, as they need to hold the switch assembly.
The only step missing is to screw the cap at the bottom. If you go to Formufit you can get nicer end caps than the plumbing ones:
This cap does not need screwing. You just press it into the pipe and it will stay in place.